Karate Terminology

  GENERAL TERMS.


KARATE - Means Empty Hands.

KARA - Empty

TE - Hand

WADO - The Way Of Peace And Harmony

WA - Peace Or Harmony.

DO - Way Or Method

RYU - Style

AGE - Rising

ASHI - Foot

ATEMI - Strike

BUNKI - The Practical Application Of A Kata

CHUDAN - Body Or Middle Section

DACHI - Stance

DAN GRADE - Black Belt Grades

DO - Way

DOJO - Training Hall

GEDAN - Lower

HA JIMAE - Start / Begin

HIDARI - Left

JODAN - Head Or Above

JUTSU - Art

KATA - Form

KIME - Focus

KUMITE - Sparring

KYU GRADE - Grades Before Black Belt

MAE - Front

MAWATTE  - Standard Turn

MI AI  - Distance

MIGI - Right

MOKUSO - Meditation

RENRAKUWAZA - Combination Of Techniques

RENZUKI - Continuous Action Or Movement

SEIZA - Seated / Kneeling Position

SEMPEI - Senior Student / Trainee Instructor Who Assists The Sensei

SENSEI - Teacher Or Instructor







 





LEG / KICKING TECHNIQUES


ASI BARAI  - Foot Sweep

FUMIKOMI - Stamping Kick

GERI - Kick

HIZA GERI - Knee Kick

KEAGE  - Fast Snapping Forward Kicking Technique

KEKOMI Thrusting Forward Kicking Technique

KIN GERI Groin Kick

MAE GERI Front Kick

MAE TOBI GERI Front Jumping Kick

MAWASHI GERI Roundhouse Kick

MIKAZUKI GERI Crescent Kick

NIDAN GERI Jumping Front Kick (2 Kicks In The Air)

SOKUTO Side Kick To The Front With Foot Edge

SOKUTO FUMIKOMI Stamping Side Kick

SUNE GERI Shin Kick

TOBI GERI On The Spot Jumping Kick

URAMAWASHI GERI Hook Kick

USHIRO GERI Back Kick

YOKO GERI Side Kick To The Side



HAND TECHNIQUES & STRIKES


EMPI OR HIJI Elbow Strike

FURI ZUKI Hook Or Swing Punch

GYAKUZUKI Reverse Hand Punch

GYAKUZUKI NO TSUKOMI Back Hand Leaning Punch

HAITO Ridge Hand

IPPONKEN One Knuckle Fist

JUNZUKI Front Hand Lunge Punch

JUNZUKI NO TSUKOMI Front Hand Leaning Punch

KEN Fist

NUKITE Straight Finger Strike Spear Hand

SEIKEN Fore Fist

SEIKEN ZUKI Normal Front Punch

SHOTEI Palm Heel

SHOTEI Palm Heel

SHUTO Knife Hand Strike

TAE ZUKI Vertical Fist

TETTSUI Bottom Or Hammer Fist

TOBIKOMIZUKI Snap Punch

UCHI Strike

URA ZUKI Upper Punch

URAKEN Back Fist


BLOCKS.


CHUDAN UKE Middle Block

GEDAN BARAI Lower Block

JODAN UKE Head (High) Block

JUJI UKE Cross Or X Block

KAKE UKE Hooking Block

KOKEN UKE Crane Head Block

MAWASHI UKE Circular Or Round Block

MOROTE UKE Augmented Forearm Block

OSAE UKE Press Block

OTOSHI UKE Dropping Block

SHUTO UKE Knife Hand Block

SOTO UKE Outer Block

SUKUI UKE Scooping Block

UCHI UKE Inner Block

URA UKE Back Hand Block

STANCES


GYAKU NEKOASHI DACHI Reverse Cat Stance

GYAKUZUKI TSUKKOMI Deep Gyakuzuki Stance

HEISOKU DACHI Closed Toe Attention Stance (Feet Together)

HIDARI HAMNI GAMAE Left Fighting Stance

KIBA DACHI Horse Stance (Feet Parallel)

KOKUTSU DACHI Back Leg Bent Stance

NAIHANCHI DACHI As In Naihanchi Kata

NEKOASHI DACHI Cat Stance

SANCHIN DACHI Sanchin Stance Pigeon Toe / Hour Glass

SEISHAN DACHI Feet Parallel To Attack Line, Heel And Toe Length

SHIKO DACHI Horse Stance (Feet Pointing Out At 45°)

SHIZENTAI Natural Stance

SURIKOMI Two Steps Forward Or Backward

TATE SEISHAN Feet Parallel To Attack Line, Heel And Toe Width

ZENKUTSU DACHI Front Leg Bent Stance